Create and Download a File from ABAP

DevWorkbench    Sunday August 24th, 2014   

After yesterday’s post about uploading files into ABAP variables, let’s look at things the other way round – how to provide data for download by your users.

I don’t think it comes as a huge surprise to you that CL_GUI_FRONTEND_SERVICES is, once again, the tool of our choice to do the task. The way to do it is quite similar to yesterday’s post about file uploading. Instead of the methods FILE_OPEN_DIALOG and GUI_UPLOAD, we will make use of FILE_SAVE_DIALOG and GUI_DOWNLOAD.

Let’s look at the code. We need some data first, so I’m putting some dummy data into a table that we can export later. The next step is to call the method that displays a file save dialog and get the name and path under which the file should be saved.

* Add some data to the table
gv_data 'All your base'.
APPEND gv_data TO gt_data.
gv_data 'are belong to us'.
APPEND gv_data TO gt_data.
* Show the file download dialog
CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_save_dialog
    default_file_name    'file.txt'
    default_extension    'TXT'
    filename             gv_filename
    path                 gv_path
    fullpath             gv_fullpath
    user_action          gv_useraction
    cntl_error           1
    error_no_gui         2
    not_supported_by_gui 3
    OTHERS               4.

After checking if the user really clicked OK, we can move on to performing the actual file download. All we need to provide is a file name and the sample data as a string table.

* Check if the user clicked OK
IF gv_useraction <> 0.
* Do the actual download
CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_download
    filename gv_filename
    data_tab gt_data
    OTHERS   24.

…aaaand we’re done! Even simpler than file uploading, isn’t it? This makes it easy for your users to import and export data to and from SAP. Of course, there’s a lot more you can do – just check out all the method parameters of both methods. Enjoy playing around!